Huntington which outlines the significance of a third wave of democratization to describe the global trend that has seen more than 60 countries throughout Europe, Latin America, Asia, and Africa undergo some form of democratic transitions since Portugal's "Carnation Revolution" in 1974.
In many new democracies, this requires a sweeping agenda of institutional reform to widen citizen access to power, control corruption, and improve the depth and quality of democracy.
The first paperback volume, Themes and Perspectives, addresses issues of institutional design, civil-military relations, civil society, and economic development. Linz, Guillermo O'Donnell, Adam Przeworski, Philippe C. The second paperback volume, Regional Challenges, focuses on developments in Southern Europe, Latin America, Russia, and East Asia, particularly Taiwan and China. Plattner, counselor at the National Endowment for Democracy, are codirectors of the International Forum for Democratic Studies.
It brings together some of the world's foremost scholars of democratization, including Robert A. It contains essays by leading regional experts, including Yun-han Chu, P. They are also coeditors of the Journal of Democracy.
The “Third Wave” of global democratization, which began in 1974, now appears to be drawing to a close.
While the number of “electoral democracies” has tripled since 1974, the rate of increase has slowed every year since 1991 (when the number jumped by almost 20 percent) and is now near zero.